See also Julian of Norwich, Bibliography

Abelard. Hymnarum Paraclitensis. Ed. J Szövéffy. Leiden: Brill, 1975.
_______. "Abelard's Letter of Consolation to a Friend (Historia Calamitatum)." Ed. J.T. Muckle, C.S.B. Mediaeval Studies, 15 (1953), 47-95; "The Letter of Heloise on the Religious Life and Abelard's First Reply." Ed. J.T. Muckle, C.S.B. Mediaeval Studies, l7 (1955), 240-28l; "Abelard's Rule for Religious Women." Ed. T.P. McLaughlin, C.S.B. Mediaeval Studies, 18 (1956), 241-292.
________ and Heloise. The Letters of Abelard and Heloise. Trans. Betty Radice. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974.
Abram, Annie. "Women Traders in Medieval London." Economic Journal, 28 (1916), 276-285.
Adams, Carol, Paula Bartley, Hilary Bourdillon and Cathy Loxton. From Workshop to Warfare: The Lives of Medieval Women. Cambridge: University Press, 1983.
Adams, Henry. Mont St. Michel and Chartres. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1905.
Adler, Michael. "The Jewish Woman in Medieval England." In Adler, Michael, ed. The Jews of Medieval England. London: Edward Goldston, 1939.
Aelred of Rievaulx. De Institutione Inclusarum. Two Middle English Translations. Ed. John Ayto and Alexandra Barratt. Oxford: University Press, 1984. Early English Text Society, Original Series (EETS OS) 287.
Aethelgifu. Will. Manuscript, Scheide Collection, Princeton University.
Alan of Lille. De Planctu Naturae. Ed. Nikolaus M. Häring. Studi Medievali, 3rd series, 19 (1978), 797-879.
Alfonso el Sabio. Las Cantigas de Santa Maria. Madrid: Edilan, 1979.
Allen, Prudence, R.S.M. The Concept of Woman: The Aristotelian Revolution, 750 BC-AD 1250. Montreal: Eden Press, 1985.
Alverny, Marie Thérèse. 'Comment les théologiens et les philosophes voient la femme'. In La Femme dans les civilisations dès Xe-XIIIe siècles. Université de Poitiers, 1977.
Ambiguous Realities. Ed. Carol Levin and Jeanie Watson. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987.
Ambrose. On Virginity. Trans. Daniel Callam. Saskatoon: Peregrina Publishing, 1987.
Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records. Ed. George Philip Krapp and Elliott Van Kirk Dobbie. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932-1953. Vol. II, "Dream of the Rood," Elene, in The Vercelli Book; Vol. III, The Exeter Book; Vol. IV, Beowulf and Judith; Vol. VI. The Anglo-Saxon Minor Poems, including "The Wife's Lament," "The Husband's Message."
Anna Comnena. The Alexiad. Trans. E.R.A. Sewter. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969.
The Ancient Cornish Drama. Ed. and trans. Edwin Norris. London: Oxford University Press, 1959. Ancient Deeds Belonging to the Corporation of Bath, XIII-XVI Centuries. Trans. W.C. Shickle. Bath, 1921.
Ancrene Riwle. The Latin Texts of the Ancrene Riwle, from Merton College MS 44 and British Museum MS Cotton Vitellius E. vii. Ed. C. D'Evelyn Francis. Oxford: University Press, 1962. EETS OS 249. Ancrene Wisse: The English Text of the Ancrene Riwle. Magdalen College, Cambridge MS Pepys 2498. Ed. A. Zettersten. Oxford: University Press, 1976. EETS OS 274.
Anderson, M.D. Drama and Imagery in Medieval English Churches. Cambridge: University Press, 1963. Andreas Capellanus. The Art of Courtly Love. Trans. John Jay Parry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1941.
Anson, John. "The Female Transvestite in Early Monasticism: The Origin and Development of a Motif." Viator, 5 (1974), 1-32.
The Apocryphal New Testament. Ed and trans. Montague R. James. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924. Archer, Rowena E. "Rich Old Ladies: The Problem of Medieval Dowagers with Particular Reference to the Mowbray Family." In Pollard, Tony, ed. Property and Politics: Essays in Later Medieval English History. New York: St. Martins, 1984. Pp. 209-233.
Ariés, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Trans. Robert Baldick. New York: Knopf, 1962.
Armstrtong, Grace M. 'Women of Power: Chrétien de Troye's Female Clerks'. Women in French Literature. Stanford French and Italian Studies, 58 (1988), 29-46.
Atkinson, Clarissa. Mystic and Pilgrim: The Book and the World of Margery Kempe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983.
The Auchinleck Manuscript: National Library of Scotland, Adv. MS. 19.2.l. Ed. Derek Pearsall and I.C. Cunningham. London: Scolar Press, 1977.
Auerbach, Nina. Communities of Women, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.
St. Augustine. Letter 211. Letters. Trans. Sr. Wilfrid Parsons. New York: Fathers of the Church, 1956. Baker, Derek, ed. Medieval Women. Dedicated and Presented to Professor Roselind M.T. Hill on the Occasion of her Seventieth Birthday. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1978.
________. "A Nursery of Saints': St. Margaret of Scotland Reconsidered." In Baker, Derek, ed. Medieval Women. Pp. 1119-141.
Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and his World. Trans. Hélène Iswolsky. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1968.
Babcock, Barbara, ed. The Reversible World. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.
Bagoly, Suzanne. 'Christine de Pizan et l'art de 'dictier' ballades', Le Moyen Age, 92 (1986), 41-67.
Barasch, Moshe. Gestures of Despair in Medieval and Renaissance Art. New York: University Press, 1976.
Barker, John W. "Hildegard of Bingen: Ordo virtutum." Opus, 1 (1985), 32-33.
Baron, Francoise. "Enlumineurs, peintres et sculpteurs parisiens des XIIIe et XIVe siècles d'après les roles de la taille." Bulletin archéologique du comite des travaux historiques et scientifiques. New Series, 4 (1968), 37-121.
Barth, Pudentiana, M. Immaculata Ritscher and Joseph Schmidt-Gorg, eds. Hildegard von Bingen: Lieder: Nach den Handschriften herausgegeben. Salzburg: Otto Muller, 1969.
Barr, Jane. "The Vulgate Genesis and Jerome's Attitude towards Women." Studia Patristica, 18 (1982), 268-273.
Barstow, Anne. "Joan of Arc and Female Mysticism." Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 1 (1985), pp. 29-42.
_________. Joan of Arc: Heretic, Mystic and Shaman. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1986.
_________. "Women as Healers, Women as Witches." Old Westbury Review, 2 (1986).
Bateson, Mary. "The Origin and Early History of Double Monasteries." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, New Series, 13 (1899), 137-198.
Baudonivia. "Vita Sanctae Radegundis." Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum. Vol. 2, pp. 377-395. Hanover: Hahn, 1888.
Bayeux Tapestry. La Tapisserie de Bayeux, Bayeux, France.
Beauvoir, Simone de. Le Deuzième Sexe. Paris: Gallimard, 1949. Trans. H.M. Parshley. The Second Sex. New York: Vintage, 1953, 1972.
Beckwith, Sarah. "A Very Material Mysticism: The Medieval Mysticism of Margery Kempe." In Medieval Literature: Criticism, Ideology and History, ed. David Aers. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986. Pp. 34-57.
Bede. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Ed. Bertram Colgrave and R.B. Mynors. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969. Trans. History of the English Church and People. Leo Sherly Price, rev. R.E. Latham, ed. Charles Plummer. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968.
Bell, Rudolph. Holy Anorexia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.
Bell, Susan Groag. "Christine de Pizan: Humanism and the Problem of a Studious Woman." Feminist Studies, 3 (1976), 173-184.
_________. "Medieval Book Owners: Arbiters of Lay Piety and Ambassadors of Culture." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 7 (1982), 742-767. Republished in Women and Power in the Middle Ages, Ed. Mary Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski. Pp. 149-187.
St. Benedict. Benedicti Regula. Ed. Rudulfus Hanslik. Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum. Vienna: Hoelder-Pickler-Tempsky, 1960.
_________. The Middle-English Versions of the Rule of St. Benet and two Contemporary Rituals for the Ordination of Nuns. Ed. E.A. Kock. Oxford: University Press, 1902. EETS OS 120.
Benkov, Edith Judith M. 'The Village Ale.Wife: Women and Brewing in Fourteenth-Century England'. In Women and Work in Preindustrial Europe. Ed. Barbara Hanawalt. Pp. 20-36.
Bennett, Judith M. "The Village Ale-Wife: Women and Brewing in Fourteenth- Century England." In Hanawalt, Barbara, ed. Women and Work in Preindustrial Europe. Pp. 20-36.
________. Women in the Medieval English Countryside: Gender and Household in Brigstock Before the Plague. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Bent, Jan D. "Hildegard of Bingen." The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: Macmillan, 1980.
Benton, John F. "Fraud, Fiction and Borrowing in the Correspondence of Abelard and Heloise." In Pierre Abelard-Pierre le Venerable: les courants philosophiques, litteraires et atistiques en Occident au milieu du XIIe siecle: Colloques internationaux du CNRS. Paris: CNRS, 1975. Pp.
_______. "Trotula, Women's Problems and the Professionalization of Medicine in the Middle Ages," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 59 (1985), 30-53.
Berger, Pamela. The Goddess Obscured: Transformation of the Grain Protectress from Goddess to Saint. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.
Berkvam, Doris Desclais. Enfance et maternité dans la litterature française des XIIe et XIIIe siècles. Paris: Champion, 1981.
Berman, Constance H., Charles W. Connell and Judith Rice Rothschild, eds. The Worlds of Medieval Women: Creativity, Influence and Imagination. Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 1985. Bevington, David. Medieval Drama. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1973. Pp. 202-223.
Bible. Especially Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Proverbs, Judith, Ruth, Song of Solomon, Gospels, Acts, Epistles, Apocalypse, Apocrypha.
Bijns, Anna. Mary of Nijmeghen. Trans. Eric Colledge. In Petroff, Elizabeth, ed. Medieval Women's Visionary Literature. Pp. 355-372.
Bilton-Jackson, Livia. Madonna or Courtesan? The Jewish Woman in Christian Literature. New York: Seabury Press, 1981.
Bitel, Lisa M. "Women's Monastic Enclosures in Early Ireland: A Study of Female Spirituality and Male Monastic Mentalities." Journal of Medieval History, 12 (1986), 15-36.
Blanchard, Joël. 'Christine de Pizan: les raisons de l'histoire'. Le Moyen Age, 92 (1896), 417-36.
Bloch, Marc. Feudal Society. Trans. F.A. Manyon. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
Bloch, R. Howard. 'Medieval Misogyny'. Representations, 20 (1989), 1-24.
_______. 'Silence and Holes: The Roman de Silence and the Art of the Trouvère'. Yale French Studies, 70 (1986), 81-99.
_______ and Frances Fergusson, eds. Misogyny and Misanthropy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
Bloch, R. Howard. "Silence and Holes: The Roman de Silence and the Art of the Trouvère." Yale French Studies, 70 (1986), 81-99.
Boccaccio, Giovanni. Concerning Famous Women. Trans. Guido A. Guarino. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1963.
__________. De claris mulieribus. Trans. Henry Parker, Lord Morley. Ed. H.G. Wright. Oxford: University Press, 1943. EETS OS 214.
Bockeler, Maura, ed. Der heiligen Hildegard von Bingen Reigen der Tugenden, Ordo virtutum. Berlin: St. Augustinus Verlag, 1927.
Boethius, De consolatione Philosophiae. Trans. H.F. Stewart, E.K. Rand, S.J. Tester. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978.
Bogin, Meg. The Woman Troubadors. New York: Norton, 1980.
Bolton, Brenda. "Mulieres Sanctae." In Baker, Derek, ed. Women in Medieval Society. Pp.
St. Boniface. The English Correspondence of Saint Boniface Being for the Most Part Letters Exchanged between the Apostle of the Germans and his English Friends. Trans. Edward Kylie. London: Chatto and Windus, 1911.
Bornstein, Diana. The Lady in the Tower: Medieval Courtesy Literature for Women. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1983.
Boswell, John. Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.
Boulding, Elise. The Underside of History: A View of Women through Time. Boulder: Westview Press, 1976.
Boure, M.A. Cantique d'apres sainte Hildegarde, vierge de l'Ordre de saint Benoit, Chant premier. Worcester, England: Stanbrook Abbey, 1922.
Boyd, Catherine. A Cistercian Nunnery in Mediaeval Italy: The Story of Rifreddo in Saluzzo, 1220-1300. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1943.
Brayer, Menachem. The Jewish Woman in Rabbinic Literature: A Psycho-Historical Perspective. Hoboken, N.J.: Ktav, 1986.
Brentano, Robert. "Catherine of Siena, Margery Kempe and a caterva virginum." In Atti del simposio internazionale Cateriniano-Bernardiniano. Ed. E. Maffei, P. Nardi. Siena: Accademia Senese degli Intronati, 1982. Pp. 46-47.
St. Bridget. Liber Celestis of St. Bridget of Sweden. Ed. Roger Ellis. Oxford: University Press, 1987. EETS OS 291.
___________. Revelations: St. Birgitta of Sweden. Ed. Anthony Buktovich. Los Angeles: Ecumenical Foundation of America, 1972.
___________. The Revelations of St. Birgitta, from Garrett MS, Princeton University. Ed. W.P. Cumming. Oxford: University Press, 1929. EETS OS 178.
Brieger, Peter, Millard Meiss and Charles Singleton. Illuminated Manuscripts of the Divine Comedy. Princeton: University Press, 1969. 2 vols.
Bromberg, Joan Jacobs. Fasting Girls. The History of Anorexia Nervosa. New York: Penguin, 1989.
Brown, Judith C. Immodest Acts: The Life of a Lesbian Nun in Renaissance Italy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Brown, Peter. The Body and Society. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.
Brownlee, Kevin. 'Discourses of the Self: Christine de Pizan and the Rose'. Romanic Review, 79 (1988), 199-221.
Brundage, James A. "The Crusader's Wife: A Canonistic Quandary." Studia Gratiana, 12 (1967), 425-441.
________. "Prostitution in Medieval Canon Law." Signs, 1 (1976), 825-845.
Brunetto Latini. Li Livres dou Tresor. Ed. P. Chabaille. Paris: Imprimerie Impériale, 1863.
Buckler, Georgina. Anna Comnena: A Study. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Bugge, John. Virginitas: An Essay in the History of a Medieval Ideal. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1975.
Bullough, Vern. "Medieval Medical and Scientific Views of Women." Viator, 4 (1973), 485-501.

______. The Subordinate Sex: A History of Attitudes towards Women. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973.
______. "Transvestism in the Middle Ages." In Sex, Society and History. New York: Science History Publications, 1976.
______ and James Brundage. Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church. Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1984.
Burns, E. Jane and Roberta L. Krueger, eds. "Courtly Ideology and Woman's Place in Medieval French Literature," Romance Notes, 25, 3 (1985).
Butkovich, Anthony. Iconography: St. Birgitta of Sweden. Los Angeles: Ecumenical Foundation of America, 1972.
_______. Revelations: St. Birgitta of Sweden. Los Angeles: Ecumenical Foundation of America, 1972. Bynum, Caroline Walker. ' . . . And Woman His Humanity: Female Imagery in the Religious Writing of the Later Middle Ages'. In Gender and Religion: On the Complexity of Symbols. Ed. Caroline Walker Bynum, Stevan Harrell and Paula Rickman. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.
_________."Fast, Feast and Flesh: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women," Representations, 11 (1985), 1-25.
_________. Holy Feast and Holy Fast. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
_________. Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.
_________. 'Women's Stodies, Women's Symbols: A Critique of Victor Turner's Theory of Liminality'. In Anthropology and the Study of Religion. Ed. Frank Reynolds and Robert Moore. Chicago: Center for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1984. Pp. 105-125.
Camille, Michael. "Seeing and Reading: Some Visual Implications of Medieval Literacy and Illiteracy." Art History, 8 (1985), 26-49.
Campbell, George. L'Epitre d'Othea à Hector: Essai sur les sources de Christine de Pisan. Paris: Champion, 1924.
Campbell, Josie P. "The Idea of Order in the Wakefield Noah." Chaucer Review, 10 (1975).
Cardini, Franco. "L'idea di Crociata in Santa Caterina di Siena." In Atti del Simposio internazionale Cateriniano-Bernardiano. Ed. D. Maffei, P. Nardi. Siena: Accademia Senese degli Intronati, 1982. Carmina Ratisponensia. Ed. A. Paravicini. Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1979. Edition of letters written in Latin in 1106 by schoolgirls to their teachers.
Carr, Annamarie Weyl. "Women Artists in the Middle Ages." The Feminist Art Journal, 5 (1976), 5-26. ________. "Women and Monasticism in Byzantium: Introduction from an Art Historian." Byzantinische Forschungen, 9 (1985), 1-15.
Castelli, Elizabeth. "Virginity and its Meaning for Women's Sexuality in Early Christianity," Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 2 (1986), 61-88.
Catherine of Genoa. Purgation and Purgatory: The Spiritual Dialogue. Trans. Serge Hughes. New York: Paulist Press, 1979.
Catherine of Siena. Epistolario di Santa Caterina da Siena. Ed. E. Dupré Theseider. Roma: R. Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 1940.
Chance, Jane. "The Anglo-Saxon Woman as Hero: The Chaste Queen and the Woman Saint." Allegorica, 5 (1980), 128-148.
_________. Christine de Pizan's Letter of Othea to Hector, trans. with essay. Newburyport: Focus Books, 1990.
_________. Woman as Hero in Old English Literature. Syracuse: University Press, 1986.
Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Riverside Chaucer. Ed. Larry D. Benson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987. Child-Marriages, Divorces and Ratifications in the Diocese of Chester, 1561-6. Ed. F.J. Furnivall. Oxford: University Press, 1894. EETS OS 108.
Chaucer in the Eighties. Ed. Julian Wasserman and Robert J. Blanch. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.
Child-Marriages, Divorces and Ratifications in the Diocese of Chester, 1561-6. Ed. F.J. Furnivall. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894. EETS OS 108.
Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering, Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.
Cholmeley, Katherine. Margery Kempe. London: Longmans Green, 1947.
Chretien de Troyes. "Erec et Enide": Les Romans de Chretien de Troyes. Ed. Mario Roques. Paris: Champion, 1955.
Christie, A.G. English Medieval Embroidery. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1938.
Christine de Pizan. The Book of Fayttes of Armes and of Chiualrye. Trans. William Caxton, ed. A.T.P. Byles. Oxford: University Press, 1932, 1937. EETS OS 189.
___________. The Book of the City of Ladies. Trans. Earl Jeffrey Richards. New York: Persea, 1982. ___________. The Book of the Duke of True Lovers. Ed. Alice Kemp-Welch, trans. Lawrence Binyon. New York: Cooper Square, 1966.
___________. The Book of the Three Virtues. The Treasure of the City of Ladies. Trans. Sarah Lawson. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985.
___________. Ditie de Jehanne d'Arc. Ed. and trans. Angus J. Kennedy and Kenneth Varty. Oxford: Society for the Study of Medieval Languages and Literature, 1977.
___________. The Epistle of Othea. Trans. Stephen Scrope. Ed. C.F. Buhler. Oxford: University Press, 1970. EETS OS 264.
___________. The Epistle of the Prison of Human Life. Ed. and trans. Josette Wiseman. New York: Garland Press, 1984.
___________. Le Livre de la Mutacion de Fortune. Ed. S. Solente. Paris: Picard, 1959.
___________. The "Livre de la Paix." Ed. Charity Cannon Willard. The Hague: Mouton, 1958.
___________. Le Livre du Chemin de Long Estude. Ed. Robert Püschel. Paris: Le Soudier, 1887. 2nd. ed.
___________. The Lyric Poetry of Christine de Pizan. Ed. and trans. Nadia Margolis. New York: Garland Press, 1985.
For manuscript illuminations: Francoise du Castel. Demoiselle Christine de Pizan: Veuve de M. Etienne de Castel, 1364-1431. Paris: Picard, 1972; Millard Meiss. French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and their Contemporaries; Sandra L. Hidman, Christine de Pizan's 'Epistre Othéa': Painting and Politics at the Court of Charles VI.
For bibliography: Kennedy, Angus J. A Bibliographical Guide. London: Grant and Cutler, 1984; Yenal, Edith. A Bibliography of Writings, Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1982.
Revue des Langues Romanes, 92 (1988) is dedicated to studies in Christine de Piza.
Church, F.F. 'Sex and Salvation in Tertulia.' Harvard Theological Review, 68 (1975), 83-101.
Cixous, Hélène. "The Laugh of the Medusa." Trans. Ketih Cohen and Paula Cohen. In New French Feminisms: An Anthology, ed. Elaine Marks and Isabelle de Courtrivon. New York: Schocken Books, 1981. Pp. 245-264.
Clark, Cecily. "La vie feminine en Angleterre au temps d'Alienor d'Aquitaine." Cahiers de Civilisation Medievale, 29 (1986), 49-51.
Clay, Rotha M. Hermits and Anchorites of England. London: Methuen, 1914.
Clayton, Mary. "Feast of the Virgin in the Liturgy of the Anglo-Saxon Church." Anglo-Saxon England, 13 (1984), 209-233.
Coleman, Emily."Infanticide in the Early Middle Ages." In Stuard, Susan Mosher, ed. Women in Medieval Society.
_______. "Medieval Marriage Characteristics: A Neglected Factor in the History of Medieval Serfdom." Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 2 (1971- 2), 205-219.
Coleman, Janet. Medieval Readers and Writers, 1350-1400. New York: Columbia University Press, 1981.
Colker, Marvin L. "The Lure of Woman; Hunting, Chess and Tennis: A Vision." Speculum, 59 (1984), 103-105.
Collins, Fletcher, Jr. Medieval Church Music Drama: A Repertory of Complete Plays. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1976.
________. Production of Church Music-Drama. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1972. Colliot, Régine. "Un example de révolte et de libération feminines au XIIIe siècle: la fille du comte de Pontieu." Annales de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de Nice, 48 (1984), 105-115.
Collis, Louise. Memoirs of a Medieval Woman: The Life and Times of Margery Kempe. New York: Harper, 1983.
Constable, Giles. "Ailred of Rievaulx and the Nun of Wotton: An Episode in the Early History of the Gilbertine Order." In Baker, Derek, ed. Medieval Women. Pp. 205-226.
__________. Letters and Letter Collections. Turnholt: Brepols, 1976.
Coontz, Stephanie and Peta Henderson, eds. Women's Work, Men's Property: The Origins of Gender and Class. London: Verso Press, 1986.
Corti, Maria. "Models and Antimodels in Medieval Culture." New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation, 10 (1978), 339-366.
Courcelle, Pierre. La Consolation de Philosophie dans la tradition littéraire. Paris: Etudes Augustiniennes, 1967.
Coussemaker, Edmond de. Drames liturgiques du Moyen Age. Rennes: Vatar, 1860; Paris, 1861.
Crane, Susan. "Alison's Incapacity and Poetic Instability in the Wife of Bath's Tale." PMLA, 102 (1987), 20-28.
_______. Insular Romance: Politics, Faith and Culture in Anglo-Norman and Middle English Literature. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Curtius, Ernst. Literary Language and its Public. Trans. Ralph Manheim. New York: Bollingen, 1965. Cutts, Edward L. Scenes and Characters of the Middle Ages. London: Virtue, 1902.
Daichman, Graciela S. Wayward Nuns in Medieval Literature. Syracuse: University Press, 1986.
Dalarun, Jacques. "Robert d'Arbissel et les femmes." Annales, economies, societes, civilisations, 39 (1984), 1140-1160.
Dale, Marion. "The London Silkwoman of the Fifteenth Century," Economic History Review, 4 (1933), 324-335.
Dalven, Rae. Anna Comnena. New York: Twayne, 1972.
Damico, Helen. "The Valkyrie Reflex in Old English Literature." Allegorica, 5 (1980), 149-167. ________. Wealtheow and the Valkyrie Tradition. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.
Dante Alighieri. La Commedia secondo l'antica vulgata. Ed. Giorgio Petrocchi. Milano: Mondadori, 1967. Trans. The Divine Comedy. Allen Mandelbaum. New York: Bantam, 1982.
___________. Le Opere di Dante Alighieri. Ed. E. Moore and Paget Toynbee. London: Oxford University Press, 1924.
Darwin, Francis. The English Medieval Recluse. London: SPCK, 1944.
David, Nicholas. Domestic Life of a Medieval City: Women, Children and the Family. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1985.
Davis, Natalie Zemon. The Return of Martin Guerre. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983. __________. "Some Tasks and Themes in the Study of Popular Religion." In The Pursuit of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance Religion. Ed. Charles Trinkhaus and Heiko A. Oberman. Leiden: Brill, 1974.
__________. "Women in the Crafts in Sixteenth-Century Lyon." In Hanawalt, Barbara, ed. Women and Work in Preindustrial Europe.
Dean, Ruth J. "Manuscripts of St. Elizabeth of Schonau in England." Modern Language Review, 32 (1937), 623-67.
De Ganck, Roger. "The Integration of Nuns in the Cistercian Order, Particularly in Belgium." Citeaux, 35 (1984), 235-247.
Delany, Sheila. Medieval Literary Politics: Shapes and Ideology. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.
_________. 'Mothers to Think Back Through: Who are They? The Ambiguous Example of Christine de Pizan'. In Medieval Texts and Contemporary Readers. Ed. Laurie Finke and Martin Schihtman. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.
________. 'Rewriting Woman Good: Gender and the Anxiety of Influence in Two Late Medieval Texts'. In Chaucer in the Eighties, ed. Julian Wasserman and Robert J. Blanch.
_________."Sexual Economics: Chaucer's Wife of Bath and the Book of Margery Kempe." Minnesota Review, 5 (1975), 104-115.
_________. Writing Women: Women Writers and Women in Literature, Medieval and Modern. New York: Schocken, 1988.
De Lauritis, Teresa. Technologies of Gender. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.
Delcourt, Marie. "Female Saints in Masculine Clothing." Hermaphrodite: Myths and Rites of the Bisexual Figure in Classical Antiquity. Trans. Jennifer Nichols. London: Studio Books, 1961.
Dembowski, Peter F., ed. La Vie de Sainte Marie l'Egyptienne. Geneve: Droz, 1977.
The Desert Fathers. Ed. and trans. Helen Waddell. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1972.
De Vitry, Jacques. The Life of Marie d'Oignies. Trans. Margot H. King. Saskatoon: Peregrina Publishing, 1986.
Deyermond, Alan. Men's and Women's Literature in Spain: Redrawing the Map. Abstract and Bibliography.
Dhuoda. Manuel pour mon fils. Ed. Pierre Riche. Sources chretiennes. Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1887. Trans. Bernard de Vregille and Claude Mondesert, S.J. Editions du Cerf, 1975.
Dickman, Susan. "Margery Kempe and the English Devotional Tradition." In The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Papers Read at the Exeter Symposium, July, 1980. Ed. Marion Glassco. Exeter University Press, 1980.
Digby, G. "Technique and Production." In The Bayeux Tapestry. Ed. F. Stenton. London: Phaidon, 1967. Pp. 17-85.
The Digby Plays. Ed. Donald C. Baker, John L. Murphy and L.B. Hall. Oxford: University Press, 1982. EETS OS 283.
Dillard, Heath. Daughters of the Reconquest: Women in Castilian Town Society, 1100-1300. Cambridge: University Press, 1984.
Dinshaw, Carolyn. Chaucer's Sexual Politics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
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1990 Notes on Contributors

Jane Barr, Oxford University and Divinity School, Vanderbilt University, has published on Jerome, her paper coming to us because Anthony Luttrell heard it presented at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. It was originally published in Studia Patristica, 118 (1982) and in the South Africa Old Testament Society journal, O.T.S.W.A.
Joan Bechtold wrote her master's thesis on Matilda, Catherine and Birgitta at the University of Colorado, Boulder, was accepted at the University of Toronto for Medieval Studies, is co-editor of this volume and is studying law at the University of Denver College of Law..
Adelaide Bennett, art historian, of the Index of Christian Art, Princeton University, specializes in English medieval manuscripts. Her article originally appeared in Source: Notes in the History of Art, 2 (1982), 2-5.
Father Gerard Farrell, O.S.B., former chant master, St. John's Abbey, teaches at Westminster Choir College, Princeton; with Julia Bolton Holloway, produced several music dramas from Orléans 201, Fleury Playbook at Princeton University, including two on Mary Magdalen.
Gail McMurray Gibson is Macarthur Associate Professor of English and Humanities at Davidson College, writes on medieval drama and has published with University of Chicago Press, The Theater of Devotion: East Anglian Drama and Society in the Middle Ages. 'The Thread of Life in the Hand of the Virgin' appeared in the catalogue 'Sylvia Heyden: Recent Tapestries' (Durham: Duke University Museum of Art, 1972)..
Laura F. Hodges, at the American Embassy in Moscow, did her doctorate at Rice University, her bachelor's in Home Economics.
Julia Bolton Holloway, Director of the Medieval Studies Program, University of Colorado, Boulder, editor of this volume, publishes on medieval pilgrimage, liturgical drama and Brunetto Latino.
Pamela Loos-Noji, Department of Art, University of Chicago, is completing her PhD dissertation.
Anthony Luttrell, Bath, England, studies the Hospitallers of Rhodes, became interested in the Englishwomen in Jerusalem while working on Chaucer's Knight, a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society he has numerous publications.
Elizabeth M. Makowski completed her PhD course work in medieval history at Harvard, published with comparatist Katharina Wilson, Wikked Wives and the Woes of Marriage: Misogynous Literature from Juvenal to Chaucer, State University of New York Press. Her essay originally appeared in the Journal of Medieval History, 3 (1977), 99.114, where Chaucer and other literary scholars are unlikely to find it.
Sister Jane Morrissey, S.S.J., teaches English at the College of Our Lady of the Elms, sees Benedict and Scholastica as a paradigm for dialogue today.
Liesel Nolan is an art historian and librarian of the Art and Architecture Library, University of Colorado, Boulder, who has also helped obtain permissions for this volume's illustrations.
Elizabeth Robertson, Associate Professor of English, teaches medieval and women's literature at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and has two books on women in the Middle Ages.
Ester Zago, educated in Italy, teaches French and Italian at the University of Colorado, Boulder, works on the origins of fairy tales.


Sharon Ady of the University of Toronto networked on a study of women's wills in the Middle Ages throughout Europe. Mark Amsler, Department of English, University of Delaware, almost let us have his essay on the Wife of Bath, 'Sexuality and Textuality'. We borrowed his title. Lauren Jackson Beck, when a Boulder undergraduate student, wrote on Boethius and Heloise' use of consolatory repetition. Diane Dolan Bennett, a musicologist, resides in Canada, shared information on nuns and music from manuscript evidence. Elise Boulding, of the University of Colorado, Boulder, and Dartmouth, who wrote The Underside of History, encouraged us. Annamarie Weyl Carr, art historian and Byzantinist, Southern Methodist University, contributed bibliography on women artists, Byzantine women. Jane Chance, Department of English, Rice University, gave important material on Anglo-Saxon women, on which, among numerous other subjects, she has published. Natalie Zemon Davis, Department of History, Princeton University, networked for us. Alan Deyermond, Westfield College, University of London, contributed Spanish bibliography and material on Spanish women letter writers. Ann Douglas, Columbia University, gave this volume the perception of "Feminization." Oliver Ellsworth, musicologist, of the University of Colorado's College of Music, discovered that an Ege Portfolio manuscript leaf was of music from an English medieval convent. Sr Victorine Fenton, O.S.B., is a musicologist, resides at Mount St. Benedict and was its Prioress, writes on Hildegard of Bingen. Renata and James Fernandez, anthropologists, Princeton, Chicago and Spain, with whom I team-taught Problems in World Hunger at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School, learning that the key factor for increased life expectancy and reduced infant mortality, family size was not wealth, GNP, but education, literacy amongst the women. Hardy Long Frank, University of Colorado, Boulder, contributed information on Chaucer's Prioress. SunHee Kim Gertz teaches English at Clark University, specializes in medieval critical theory and feminism, shared with us material on male writers writing on women, turning flesh into word, sexuality into textuality. Monica H. Green at Princeton team-taught a course on women in the Middle Ages which initiated this volume, now teaches at Duke University, her field, History of Science, especially women's medical texts. William Jordan, Department of History, Princeton University, was tempted to contribute an article on Blanche of Castille. Harold Kane, University of Colorado, Boulder, advised Elizabeth Robertson on her essay on Anchoresses. Jeanne Krochalis, Pennsylvania State University, New Kensington, works with medieval English manuscripts and medieval Latin, gave to this volume the concept of the paradigm shift from Romanesque to Gothic from her essay, 'Medieval Women: Shafted by the Pedestal of Courtly Love?' in Roots and Realities: Changing Images of Women, pp. 46-61. Traugott Lawler, English, Yale University, contributed information on misogynist texts, "Jankyn's Book." Edward Peter Nolan, Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature, University of Colorado, Boulder contributed information on Latin and vernacular texts. We use his use of 'She Stoops to Conquer' for vernacular languages. Paul Olson, Department of English, University of Nebraska, suggested theme of literacy and encouraged us. Jean Preston, Curator of Rare Books and Manuscripts, Princeton, provided information concerning that collection and medieval women, for example, Aethelgifu's Will and the Revelations of St. Birgitta. Barbara Reynolds, of Cambridge, England, contributed an essay on M.A. Orr, who, self-taught, wrote most learnedly on Dante's astronomy. That section of the book, on women medievalists, will be published separately. D.W. Robertson, Jr., and John V. Fleming, Princeton University, by their dialectic, helped make us medieval feminists. Philip Roughton, when an undergraduate student at Boulder studying Arabic, Chinese, Old Icelandic, wrote on an Icelandic pagan analogue to "Dream of the Rood." Richard J. Schoeck, Erasmus scholar, was prime mover of this book. R.W. Southern (now Sir Richard), Oxford, by his encouragement, made us feminists. Amy Vandersall teaches Art History at the University of Colorado, Boulder, is a medievalist, and, like Jeanne Krochalis, provided evidence for the paradigm shift from Romanesque to Gothic. Ann Waldron wrote on Rosalie Green and Herrad of Landsburg's Hortus Deliciarum. Elizabeth White, a graduate student at the University of Colorado, Boulder, provided useful bibliography on medieval women mystics. Bonnie Wheeler, Department of English, Southern Methodist University, worked on Anna Comnena.