SANTA RITA OF CASCIA
anta Rita's dates are medieval, 1381-1457, but her canonization modern, 1900; hence we lack contemporary pictures of her. I learned of her from a battered wife, concerned about battered wives, asking me her story, since her cult is everywhere in Florence, women praying before her picture, where she is seen as a pre-Vatican II nun, in all the churches. I give it, too, because the Tablet's editors kept saying, 'But there aren't other married women saints'.
There are so many, besides St Birgitta of Sweden. There are Saints Felicitą and Perpetua. There is St Cecilia, married to St Valerian, both martyred in Rome. There is St Paula, who, with her daughter, St Eustochium, supported and worked with St Jerome translating the Vulgate from Hebrew and Greek into Latin. There is Christina of Markyate. There is Blessed Angela of Foligno. There is St Umilta` of Faenza. There is St Francesca Romana. And there is St Rita. Perhaps it is because I collect women who were married and who became nuns that I find them.
It was an Italian, an unbeliever, who told me he believed in Santa Rita, because of a story during the World War of a soldier shot through many times, fleeing from the enemy, submerging himself under water with a reed to breathe, and praying to St Rita. And his life was spared. I saw her shrine in Cascia, in Umbria, with the teller of that tale, a fine modern church amidst a desolate earthquake-destroyed landscape. His marriage reflected hers, but his wife died young. Her marriage reflected mine. And that of the other teller of her tale to me. So it was the Italian perpetrator who gave me the explanation to give concerning her to the English victim. Telling me why she is so popular today in Italy amongst everyone, men as well as women. An underground saint, an unacceptable saint, but with a greater following in Florence than any other. A people's saint.
Her name, Rita, is also that of Ruth, the gentile ancestress of Christ. Her symbol is the rose petal, which she shares with St Therese of Lisieux. But she is also an Oliveleaf Saint, one who consoles those utterly without power, who are abused by those having power. To such she seems despicable. To us she is balm, a woman mirroring Christ against Herod. Her day, May 22, in the month of Mary.
Like St Jude,
Christ's brother, she is Patron of Impossible Causes. She is
our patron, of damaged wives and children, abused by men in authority, those misusing God's
power. Even they revere her. To whom an English bishop's wife
lit candles and prayed.
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